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Remove an old garden rose bush's old, unproductive stems, and reduce the bush's overall height by one-third. Make each pruning cut 1/4 inch above the next bud on a stem. The bright-red rose hips may be left on the plants for fall color. Pruning cuts are made at a 45 degree angle ¼ inch above an outward-facing bud. Pruning Roses. A major pruning should be done once a year, in January or February, though in South Florida pruning may be needed twice a year.

Remove any dead, dying, or crossing branches, and shorten the mature canes by one-third to one-half.

If you live in a warmer or colder climate, it could come much sooner or much later.

You can also prune any stray branches to help improve the plant's shape. Sep 21, In warm and temperate climates, fall pruning is minimal. In cold and freezing climes, fall pruning is more severe. The bulk of rose pruning for size, structure and shape should be conducted in the spring after the last hard frost, write Cindy Welyczkowsky and Jane Martin at Ohio State University. Jan 02, Although all roses will need pruning, you must let them establish themselves in the garden for at least two to three years before you prune them.

Roses need to mature before the first pruning cycle to develop a strong root system with sturdy canes. The canes are.

Choose a bloom and make your cut one-quarter of an inch above a leaf that has five leaflets.

Oct 09, “Pruning in fall will kill them” said Jacko, a rose expert who grows varieties at her home in Hinckley. Pruned roses lose food stored in the branches that will keep roots healthy over winter.